The non-enrollment of girls has serious consequences on the life of each of them, but also on the development of their community and their entire country.
The non-schooling of girls keeps them in a lower status than boys. A girl who does not go to school will find it more difficult to make her voice heard. Marginalized, she will not be able to express herself, make decisions that concern her body and her life, vote, participate actively in the decision-making of the society in which she lives, and have a role as a free citizen.
The non-schooling of girls does not allow them to get out of poverty. This situation is likely to be perpetuated by the next generation because an uneducated girl cannot understand the interest in giving her children a quality education in Certificate IV in IT. And yet; every year a girl spends in school increases her future income by 10-20%.
The non-education of girls is a real lack for the development of countries. An additional year of schooling increases a country’s annual gross domestic product (GDP) by 0.37%. Girls’ limited access to education and barriers to completing 12 years of schooling cost countries between $15 trillion and $30 trillion in lost productivity and lifetime earnings, according to the World Bank report of July 11, 2018.
The non-education of girls poses a significant risk to their health and that of their children. A girl who is out of school will find it more difficult to access and follow recommendations and advice on prevention and care for herself and her children. A child born to a mother who can read is 50% more likely to survive after the age of 5.
Health risks – Physical and moral exhaustion due to forced labor, recurrent pain due to domestic slavery, early pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections following sexual violence, and female genital mutilation prevent them from having normal schooling.
Early and forced marriages – Each year in the world, 12 million girls are married before the age of 18. These girls are usually out of school to support their husbands, take care of household chores and take care of children. Forced marriages keep girls in a lower status than men.
Teenage pregnancies – They force adolescent girls out of school. They are the consequence of early and forced marriages, sexual violence, and lack of access to contraception and abortion.
Lack of a birth certificate – Girls without a legal identity and without a birth certificate cannot enroll in school, take school exams, obtain diplomas and cannot continue their education in certificate 4 in information technology to the end to qualify for a job and get out of poverty.
Trafficking and child labor – Poverty often leads parents to make their daughters work or sell them. Considered a load, they are the first to be exploited.
Emergencies – exacerbate girls’ vulnerability and discrimination. Schools destroyed by war, conflict, or natural disaster make them impractical and dangerous, isolation in the event of an epidemic, and the precariousness of refugee camps, deprive girls of education. Families also find themselves in precarious situations which increase the economic pressure on households, causing families to marry off their daughters or force them to work.